Batik is an important icon for Indonesia culture. Batik has awarded as cultural heritage from UNESCO on October 2nd, 2009 and it is significantly affected to batik industry afterward. In Java, Indonesia, batik is part of an ancient tradition, and some of the finest batik cloth in the world is still made there. The word batik originates from the Javanese tik and means to dot.
Batik patterns in Indonesia have hundreds of variations, according to the philosophy and culture of each region in Indonesia which is very rich, so that it can create a variety of patterns and types of batik in accordance with their respective characteristics. Required patience, accuracy, and perseverance so that the quality of batik produced is really good.
At first, make batik is an activity carried out only by the royal family, the results were only worn by the palace. However, because of many followers of the king who lived outside the palace, making batik is known and done by the community to fill spare time. Until finally batik has become a popular clothing in Indonesia.
Tools and materials commonly used to make batik: canting, batik wax, cloth, wajan, gawangan, bandul, tepas, kemplongan, coloring. Based on the technique or method of depicting the motif, batik is divided into several types: written batik, printed batik, batik and dye, batik painting, and batik printing.